Isabel Martinez de Perón first served as VP to her husband, Juan Perón, and later was elected as the first female Latin American head of state. However, her term was short and controversial, and the Argentinian military overthrew her in 1976.
Forty-six years later, female elected leaders have become much more frequent but are still a minority — currently, only 3 out of 33 countries are led by a woman in Latin America & the Caribbean (all 3 in the Caribbean). Some have been controversial, and others very popular: Brazil’s Dilma Rousseff was impeached in 2016 while Chile’s Michelle Bachelet, after being elected twice as president, went on to become the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.
The most recent female leader elect is Xiomara Castro, who will begin her term as President of Honduras next month. A democratic socialist, she ran on an anti-corruption platform, promising to end what she calls a “narco-state.”
Who do you think will be next?